With the exception of Ontario, whose data have been excluded from this table in order to avoid double-counting the populations of “lower-tier” and “upper-tier” municipalities, the great majority of Canada’s municipalities (93%) number fewer than 10,000 inhabitants. That being said, close to 80% of Canada’s population is concentrated in municipalities of 10,000 or more inhabitants. Aside from the strongly urbanized population characterizing Canada, it is important to mention that the proportion of the population living on a territory that has not yet been elevated to the status of municipality (i.e., “unorganized territory”) varies considerably from one province to another. For example, this proportion is residual in Quebec but rises to 40% in New Brunswick. In addition, the sizeable share of surface area accounted for by territories without the status of municipality is a characteristic common to the territorial organization of all Canadian provinces.
To find out more
COLLIN, J.-P. and J. LÉVEILLÉE (eds.) (2003). Municipal Organization in Canada: Tradition and Transformation, Varying From Province to Province (English translation of: L’organisation municipale au Canada: un régime à géométrie variable, entre tradition et transformation). (Document available for viewing online at http://www.vrm.ca/documents/ICPS_EN.pdf; last retrieved on Sep. 19, 2009.)
L'OBSERVATOIRE DE L’ADMINISTRATION PUBLIQUE. Les provinces canadiennes: des État unitaires centralisés? http://www.observatoire.enap.ca/observatoire/docs/Presse/Soleil03-04/Soleil-02-02-04.pdf (in French only; page last retrieved on Sep. 19, 2009).
SANCTON, A. (2002). “Provincial and Local Public Administration,” in C. DUNN (ed.), The Handbook of Canadian Public Administration, Toronto, Oxford University Press.
TINDAL, R.,and S. TINDAL (2004). Local Government in Canada, 6th edition, Scarborough, Nelson Education Ltd., p. 416.